Experimental Agromet Advisory Services
Agricultural characteristics of the KVK district, Imphal West
A. Brief description of the district
Imphal west District is valley area surrounded by Senapati District on the north, on the east by Imphal East and Thoubal districts, on the south by Thoubal and Bishnupur Districts, and on the west by Senapati and Bishnupur Districts. The district headquarters is Imphal and there are 3 sub-divisions. The district enjoys comfortable temperature throughout the year; not very hot in summer and not very cold in winter. Average temperature is 20.4o C and ranges from minimum of 0o C to maximum of 36oC. The whole district is under the influence of the monsoons characterized by hot and humid rainy seasons during the summer, and cool and dry seasons during the winter. The average annual rainfall is 108.5 cm to 143.4 cm
The valley area of Imphal West district is fertile land and is mainly made up of alluvial soil of recent origin. The valley was once full of swamps and marshy lands, the important ones being Lamphelpat, Takyelpat, Sangaipat, Kakwapat, Poiroupat (pat means lake). The soils are mainly made up of shallow black, brown and alluvial soils which have been technically classified as Udalfs-Ochrepts and Orchrepts-Aquepts-Fluvents. The district receives annual rainfall of 1192.2 mm/year. The district gets rainfall from the South-West monsoon. Foot hills constitute negligible area and are left fallow.
The population of Imphal West District 4, 39,532 (Census 2001) and No. of inhabited Village is 134 (2001 census). Out of the total work force 39% are in agricultural sectors and 61% in non-agricultural sectors.